How to protect intellectual property? What are the categories?

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Categories of intellectual property

Many organizations and companies that are in demand and respected today have chosen intellectual assets. After all, the development of something new, the creation of systems and technologies are one of the most demanded objects. Therefore, such a strategy can bring good profits. However, there is one question that worries many entrepreneurs. How to avoid copyright infringement and protect your intellectual objects? This is what we will tell you about in this article.

Защита интеллектуальной собственности

The categories of objects that are under legal protection depend on a number of factors, namely:

  • the degree of importance to the business;
  • value to society as a whole;
  • the need to protect against misuse.

Every time when choosing a category, entrepreneurs and businessmen start from certain goals and factors. Sometimes there are situations when several forms of protection are combined.

Let’s take a closer look at each category.

Copyright Category

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Copyright protects all material objects that are intellectual property.

Interestingly, copyright arises immediately at the time of the creation of the object. In addition, the existence of rights is quite long: the entire life of the author and 70 years after his death.

This category protects rights from any illegal action (use, copying, modification, translation, etc.).

The only problem is how to prove that the object was created at this or that moment.

For the author, the surest and easiest way is to register copyright and obtain the corresponding Certificate, which is legally binding and plays a role in resolving the conflict in court. If you are not the author, but only use someone else’s intellectual property, then for your own safety conclude an agreement with the copyright holder in advance, in which the rights transferred to you will be clearly spelled out.

Patent Law Category

This form is engaged in the protection of the author’s solution or idea, which has a connection with the scientific or technical field.

This category differs from copyright in that it does not arise immediately from the moment of creation, for this it is necessary to register and obtain a patent.

There are advantages to this, however. Due to the fact that registration of a patent is a prerequisite, it will be possible to quickly identify the author and copyright holder, and this is the main thing in resolving the conflict.

Commercial designation category

Trade names mean trademarks or trademarks. This form of protection protects the identification nature of goods (services) or an enterprise.

The right to a trademark also arises only at the time of registration, and not creation. Valid in the territory of the country in which the registration was carried out, as well as the period while tax fees are paid.

The advantage of this category is that trademark owners are entered into a special database, with the help of which you can easily find the copyright holder or check for registration.

Category of trade secrets (know-how)

Know-how is a form of protection that is aimed at protecting the secrets of an organization or enterprise with the aim of not disclosing them.

The peculiarity is that a trade secret appears at the very beginning of the creation of an object (idea).

Know-how exists until the moment when the special security regime has not been violated. Also, anyone wishing to use this intellectual property object must conclude an agreement with the copyright holder, in which he undertakes not to disclose commercial secrets.

Was it interesting? Find out what features the copyright of a photo in social networks has.

Today, in practice, there are a huge number of different ways to protect your intellectual property. However, registration of copyrights or obtaining a patent has always been considered the most reliable and effective. This procedure takes time and effort. Therefore, many authors and inventors turn to patent attorneys for help.

Our company has been working in the field of intellectual property for 10 years. Therefore, you can rest assured of our professionalism. Our principles of work are quality, timeliness, availability, confidentiality and individual approach.

Leave a request on our official website – get a free consultation from a specialist!

Марина Ижевская.

Position: Lawyer in the field of intellectual property
Work experience: 8 years. Candidate of Legal Sciences.
Specialization: Deals with the protection and registration of intellectual property objects, writing claims and statements of claim. Registers objects in the customs register.

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